Hinduism in a Nutshell
Hinduism is the religion of the majority of people in India and Nepal. However, Hindu culture and philosophy is now spread across the world and practiced by many new coverts alongside South Asian diaspora communities. It is estimated that over 900 million people consider identifies themselves as Hindu, making Hinduism the third largest religion in the world.
In some ways, Hinduism is the oldest living religion in the world, or at least elements within it stretch back many thousands of years. Yet Hinduism resists easy definition partly because of the vast array of practices and beliefs found within it. It is also closely associated conceptually and historically with the other Indian religions Jainism, Buddism, and Sikhism.
Unlike most other religions, Hinduism has no single founder, no single scripture, and no commonly agreed set of teachings. Throughout its extensive history, there have been many key figures teaching different philosophies and writing numerous holy books. For these reasons, writers often refer to Hinduism as 'a way of life' or 'a family of religions' rather than a single religion.